What is a castle gate called?
portcullisA portcullis (from Old French porte coleice, “sliding gate”) is a heavy vertically-closing gate typically found in Medieval fortifications, consisting of a latticed grille made of wood, metal, or a combination of the two, which slides down grooves inset within each jamb of the gateway..
What are the different types of castles?
The three main types of castles are the motte and bailey castle, the stone keep castle, and the concentric castle.
What are the two types of medieval castles?
The three main types of castles used in the Middle Ages were the motte-and-bailey, stone keep, and concentric castles. A motte-and-bailey castle consisted of two parts: a lookout tower and a place for people to live.
What are the three types of medieval castles?
However, despite the dizzying diversity in medieval castles, there were three primary types of castles: Motte-and-bailey castles, stone keep castles, and concentric castles.
What types of castles were built in 1066?
The Normans were master castle builders. After 1066, England witnessed a massive castle building programme on the orders of William the Conqueror. First, motte and bailey castles were built. Once William had firmly established his rule in England, he built huge stone keep castles.
What is the difference between a keep and a castle?
The keep is the fortified tower usually on a man made hill called a motte and surrounded by walled enclosures called baileys. Originally built from wood it would have been rebuilt in stone usually in the C12th. … The castle refers to the whole fortification: keep, motte, baileys, outer walls, towers and moats or ditches.